Phys. Rev. B, 98, 075313 (2018)
The nuclear spin state of a phosphorus donor (31P) in isotopically enriched silicon-28 is an excellent host to store quantum information in the solid state. The spin’s insensitivity to electric fields yields a solid-state qubit with record coherence times but also renders coupling to other quantum systems very challenging. Here, we describe how to generate a strong electric dipole (>100 D) at microwave frequencies for the nuclear spin. This is achieved by applying a magnetic drive to the spin of the donor-bound electron while simultaneously controlling its charge state with electric fields. Under certain conditions, the microwave magnetic drive also renders the nuclear spin resonance frequency and electric dipole strongly insensitive to electrical noise, yielding long (>1 ms) dephasing times and robust gate operations. The nuclear spin could then be strongly coupled to microwave resonators, with a vacuum Rabi splitting of the order of 1 MHz, or to other nuclear spins, nearly half a micrometer apart, via strong electric dipole-dipole interaction. This work brings the 31P nuclear qubit into the realm of hybrid quantum systems and opens up new avenues in quantum information processing.