The ability to store optical quantum information underpins important operations in quantum information science. The Memory Technologies research will develop ultra-long memories with applications in processors and networks. Beyond these storage and release memories, the research will develop in-memory quantum operations and processing protocols. The key to developing an effective memory for optical quantum states is to efficiently and noiselessly interface qubits with long-lived atomic coherences. CQC2T has a world leading dual-approach capability when it comes to this goal with the demonstration of both the highest efficiency quantum memory and the longest measured spin coherences.