Hole spins in semiconductor quantum dots or bound to acceptor impurities show promise as potential qubits, partly because of their weak and anisotropic hyperfine couplings to proximal nuclear spins. Since the hyperfine coupling is weak, it can be difficult to measure. However, an anisotropic hyperfine coupling can give rise to a substantial spin-echo envelope modulation that can be Fourier analyzed to accurately reveal the hyperfine tensor. Here, we give a general theoretical analysis for hole spin-echo envelope modulation, and apply this analysis to the specific case of a boron acceptor hole spin in silicon. For boron acceptor spins in unstrained silicon, both the hyperfine and Zeeman Hamiltonians are approximately isotropic, leading to negligible envelope modulations. In contrast, in strained silicon, where light-hole spin qubits can be energetically isolated, we find that the hyperfine Hamiltonian and g tensor are sufficiently anisotropic to give spin-echo envelope modulations. We show that there is an optimal magnetic-field orientation that maximizes the visibility of envelope modulations in this case. Based on microscopic estimates of the hyperfine coupling, we find that the maximum modulation depth can be substantial, reaching approximate to 10%, at a moderate laboratory magnetic field, B less than or similar to 200 mT.
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