Engineering long spin coherence times of spin–orbit qubits in silicon


T Kobayashi, J Salfi, C Chua, J van der Heijden, MG House, D Culcer, WD Hutchison, BC Johnson, JC McCallum, H Riemann, NV Abrosimov, P Becker, HJ Pohl, MY Simmons, S Rogge

Nature Materials, (2020)

Engineering long spin coherence times of spin–orbit qubits in silicon

Electron-spin qubits have long coherence times suitable for quantum technologies. Spin–orbit coupling promises to greatly improve spin qubit scalability and functionality, allowing qubit coupling via photons, phonons or mutual capacitances, and enabling the realization of engineered hybrid and topological quantum systems. However, despite much recent interest, results to date have yielded short coherence times (from 0.1 to 1 μs). Here we demonstrate ultra-long coherence times of 10 ms for holes where spin–orbit coupling yields quantized total angular momentum. We focus on holes bound to boron acceptors in bulk silicon 28, whose wavefunction symmetry can be controlled through crystal strain, allowing direct control over the longitudinal electric dipole that causes decoherence. The results rival the best electron-spin qubits and are 104 to 105 longer than previous spin–orbit qubits. These results open a pathway to develop new artificial quantum systems and to improve the functionality and scalability of spin-based quantum technologies.

University: UNSW Sydney, University of Melbourne

Authors Centre Participants: Dr. Joseph Salfi, Dr. Cassandra Chua, Dr. Brett Johnson, A. Prof. Jeff McCallum, Prof. Michelle Y. Simmons AO, Prof. Sven Rogge, Takashi Kobayashi, Joost van der Heijden, Matthew G House

Source: Nature Materials

Publication Type: Refereed Journal article

DOI Link: DOI Link

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